Taking a more global view, the prestigious British Medical Journal BMJ looks at various attempts to tackle obesity and notes that obesity is caused by a complex and multitude of inter-related causesfuelled by economic and psychosocial factors as well as increased availability of energy dense food and reduced physical activity. The authors broke down the causes into the following areas:
And it is not just a weight problem: Overweight and Obesity Defined Overweight and obesity are defined by the body mass index BMIwhich is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters.
A BMI of 25 to However, BMI is not a perfect measurement; it does not distinguish lean mass from fat mass, nor does it take into account racial or ethnic differences. Other factors to be considered include waist and neck circumference, overall fitness, and lifestyle.
Harold Bays, now makes it a treatment goal to return adipose tissue function to normal. In children, obesity is assessed differently. In children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years, a BMI at or above the 85th, but lower than the 95th, percentile indicates overweight; a child with a BMI at or above the 95th percentile is considered to have obesity.
How Prevalent Is the Problem? Obesity is widespread, according to the CDC. Regionally, the South had the highest prevalence One independent study of metropolitan areas in the United States revealed that the Provo-Orem, UT area had the lowest incidence of obesity on a score of 1 towith 1 being the lowest and the Shreveport-Bossier City, LA area had the highest.
The New York metropolitan area is in the middle, with a score of At the greatest risk for obesity are Hispanics and non-Hispanic black women Obesity is more prevalent in middle-aged adults, aged 40 to 59 years Women with higher incomes are less likely to have obesity than those with lower incomes.
Although no correlation has been found between obesity and education in men, women with college degrees are less likely to have obesity than those with less education. What Is the Impact of Obesity on Society? Lifetime medical costs for a year-old child with obesity are staggering: In the Workplace In the workplace, decreased productivity and increased absenteeism due to overweight and obesity is a huge economic burden on our society.
The cost is more than just financial, however. Obesity can lead to early mortality and increased susceptibility to other diseases, and can have an incalculable impact on quality of life, as well as on the family. Building an Evidence Base for Comprehensive Action.
Accessed March 20, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated September 9, Defining Overweight and Obesity. Reviewed April 27, Reviewed April 17, Preventing and Managing Pediatric Obesity: The State of Obesity.Obesity and its associated health problems have a significant economic impact on the U.S.
health care system. 11 Medical costs associated with overweight and obesity may involve direct and indirect costs. 12,13 Direct medical costs may include preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services related to obesity.
Indirect costs relate to morbidity. Morbidity from obesity may be as great as from poverty, smoking, or problem drinking. 17 table 1 18 Both modest and large weight gains are . Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity.
Some studies have also reported links between obesity and. Obesity prevalence was higher in the highest income group than in the lowest income group among non-Hispanic black men.
Among women, obesity prevalence was lower in the highest income group than in the middle and lowest income groups. The American Heart Association is a qualified (c)(3) tax-exempt organization. *Red Dress ™ DHHS, Go Red ™ AHA ; National Wear Red Day® is a registered trademark. This site complies with the HONcode Standard (link opens in new window) for trustworthy health information: verify here (link opens in new window).
Terrorism. Gingivitis. Peeling paint. Potential asteroid strikes.
Deaths caused by "extreme" sports. Inability to get into desirable nightclubs.