Iqbal Sacranie, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, urged the prime minister to use his influence to "avert the destruction of an important Muslim country" and warned of deep cynicism among British Muslims about the motives for the war on terror. In a letter to No 10, Mr Sacranie described the plans for war as a "colonial policy".
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. The Effectiveness of Peace Keeping: When the UN started involving in peace keeping activities, the operations were mainly centered around putting UN forces on international borders or cease fire lines with the intention of keeping apart parties in conflict by positioning UN military observers or soldiers to play the role of third parties.
The whole idea behind this is to bring about a halt in hostilities, calm down tension, create the necessary atmosphere required for negotiations so that a lasting solution to conflicts may be arrived at.
However, over time, there have new developments that have pushed forward the scope of UN peace keeping activities. These developments came with the end of the Cold War and the relative success in the Gulf War during the early s.
These developments produced a new world order in terms of international politics and this new order was spearheaded by the western powers led by the USA.
Moreover, the fact that most of the conflicts are fought by paramilitary groups and not the national armies, have made civilians the victims. It is this situation that has drawn the attention of the international community to look in to the matter.
Some of these activities include disarmament, demobilization of troops and armed paramilitary groups, promotion of national reconciliation, restoration of effective governments, organization and monitoring of elections, provision of support for humanitarian aid mission, escort of relief convoys and the protection of safe areas.
The impact created by the outcome of these operations will also be taken into consideration.
The study will concentrate on the UN peace keeping mission in the s. The two countries that will be discussed in this paper will be the former Yugoslavia and Cambodia.
The Yugoslavian conflict is one of those conflicts around the world where the UN embarked on a peace keeping mission to help restore order in the country. The country situated in the Balkans and over years, different European powers including Turkey have greatly influenced the political developments taking place in the region.
However, the potential posed by a united Yugoslavia in the eyes of other European powers and the USA became crucial in the outbreak of conflict in the country. As a result, the European community got involved in the matter with the hope of at least finding a temporal solution.
In the process, the Badinter Commission was established to study the newly emerging states if they were viable for independence by European community standards. Some of the working guide lines for this commission included provisions for the protection of the rights of minority groups.
In spite this, coupled with long standing German pressure, the USA and the European community went ahead to declare their recognition for Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina. It was this incident that pushed the country in to chaos. In this respect, the European community as it was known at the time and the USA hold the blame for the immediate cause of hostilities in that region during that period.
The UN peace keeping operation in this case ran short of many aspects. The UN peace keeping mission in Yugoslavia arrived some months after conflict erupted in the country. A mission of that nature needed some time for preparations to be carried out.
As soon as conflict erupted, the UN organized a preliminary round of negotiations with the military leaderships of the parties involved in the conflict.
Even before Vanoe submitted his report there were indications that there have been a number of significant issues where differences in their interpretation were already prevailing.
But this situation was ignored with the hope that they may disappear while the peace keepers were carrying out their mission. The UN Secretary General even went further to declare that there were serious possibilities that the mission would fail and this was based on certain aspects amongst them lack of cooperation from parties.
Designed as traditional forces, it became clear from the beginning that none of the parties, that is the Croatian or the Karijna Serbs desired to cooperate with the UN forces.
For instance, the UN protected Areas were never demilitarized as demanded, the cease fire organized never achieved its full meaning, many people stayed displaced and lawlessness became the order of the day.
This again was the result of the quick deployment of UN peace keepers in the country.E-mail [email protected] To increase the size of fonts click on 'View' 'Zoom in' Our website rutadeltambor.com is now receiving .
The Effectiveness of Peace Keeping: Yugoslavia and Cambodia Essay Sample. INTRODUCTION.
The United Nations peace keeping mission is a broard phenomenon that encompasses a number of peace keeping activities. Its ability to conduct peacekeeping is a remarkable instrument developed by the UN as a way to assist countries in conflict to create a lasting peace.
The UN has tried its best to meet the demands of the different conflicts and changing political landscape. Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more.
The Effectiveness of Peace Keeping: Yugoslavia and INTRODUCTION The United Nations peace keeping mission is a broard phenomenon that encompasses a number of peace keeping activities. The Bolsheviks had their own ten commandments and, like the church, they also mocked their opponents.
The totalitarianism of the church belongs to the past but if the church should ever regain its former power, its atrocities would probably be repeated.