As the conflict progressed, additional countries from around the globe became drawn into the conflict on both sides. The motives were twofold: German submarine warfare against merchant ships trading with France and Britain, which led to the sinking of the RMS Lusitania and the loss of American lives; and the interception of the German Zimmerman Telegramurging for Mexico to declare war against the United States. The existence of these treaties tended to discredit Allied claims that Germany was the sole power with aggressive ambitions.
As the war drew to a close, Woodrow Wilson set forth his plan for a "just peace. His Fourteen Points outlined his vision for a safer world. Wilson called for an end to secret diplomacy, a reduction of armaments, and freedom of the seas.
He claimed that reductions to trade barriers, fair adjustment of colonies, and respect for national self-determination would reduce economic and nationalist sentiments that lead to war.
Finally, Wilson proposed an international organization comprising representatives of all the world's nations that would serve as a forum against allowing any conflict to escalate. Unfortunately, Wilson could not impose his world view on the victorious Allied Powers.
When they met in Paris to hammer out the terms of the peace, the European leaders had other ideas. The European leaders were not interested in a just peace. They were interested in retribution. Over Wilson's protests, they ignored the Fourteen Points one by one.
Germany was to admit guilt for the war and pay unlimited reparations. The German military was reduced to a domestic police force and its territory was truncated to benefit the new nations of Eastern Europe. The territories of Alsace and Lorraine were restored to France.
German colonies were handed in trusteeship to the victorious Allies. No provisions were made to end secret diplomacy or preserve freedom of the seas. Wilson did gain approval for his proposal for a League of Nations. Dismayed by the overall results, but hopeful that a strong League could prevent future wars, he returned to present the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate.
Defeating the League of Nations Unfortunately for Wilson, he was met with stiff opposition. Article X of the League of Nations required the United States to respect the territorial integrity of member states. Although there was no requirement compelling an American declaration of war, the United States might be bound to impose an economic embargo or to sever diplomatic relations.
Lodge viewed the League as a supranational government that would limit the power of the American government from determining its own affairs. Others believed the League was the sort of entangling alliance the United States had avoided since George Washington's Farewell Address.
He attached reservations, or amendments, to the treaty to this effect. Wilson, bedridden from a debilitating stroke, was unable to accept these changes.
He asked Senate Democrats to vote against the Treaty of Versailles unless the Lodge reservations were dropped. Neither side budged, and the treaty went down to defeat. Personal enmity between Wilson and Lodge played a part.
Wilson might have prudently invited a prominent Republican to accompany him to Paris to help ensure its later passage. Wilson's fading health eliminated the possibility of making a strong personal appeal on behalf of the treaty.
Ethnic groups in the United States helped its defeat. German Americans felt their fatherland was being treated too harshly.Which leader pushed his idea of the Fourteen Points after World War I? A. Vladimir Lenin B. Winston Churchill C. Woodrow Wilson D. Henry Cabot Lodge - /5(9). United States Senator Henry Cabot Lodge from Massachusetts was the Republican Majority Leader and Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations.
In response to the Treaty of Versailles, Senator Lodge penned twelve reservations to the proposed post-war agreements. Adolf Hitler was obsessed with the occult, in his case the Thule Society, closely inter-connected with German Theosophists. The jolly roger, skull and cross bones, "der Totenkopf" was an emblem worn by Hitler's SS soldiers and was emblazoned on SS armoured cars and tanks (see images on this page).
Which leader pushed his idea of the Fourteen Points after World War I? A. Winston Churchill B. Henry Cabot Lodge C.
Woodrow Wilson D. Vladimir Lenin. After the war President Wilson hopes to bring lasting peace with his Fourteen Points while contending with Senate Majority Leader Henry Cabot Lodge. Skip to the main content of the page Skip to the search for the Oregon Secretary of State website.
Off-site search results for "The Fourteen Points" The Fourteen Points January 8, in I87I in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all.