Recently released data from international math and science assessments indicate that U. Younger American students fare somewhat better on a similar cross-national assessment, the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study.
This overview is a summary of important concepts and considerations related to research in education. What is Educational Research? A cyclical process of steps that typically begins with identifying a research problem or issue of study.
It then involves reviewing the literature, specifying a purpose for the study, collecting and analyzing data, and forming an interpretation of information. This process culminates in a report, disseminated to audiences, that is evaluated and used in the educational community.
Creswell, In less comprehensive terms, educational research is an organized approach to asking, answering, and effectively reporting a question. Educators need to be consumers and producers of research. Creswell notes the following reasons, describing the various purposes of educational research: Improve Practice Research can suggest ways of improving practice that have been verified Educational research many applications and by many different types of people, which is difficult for practitioners.
Add to Knowledge Research can add to what we know about how people learn and what we can do help facilitate the learning process.
Address Gaps in Knowledge Research can address areas in which little is know, like perhaps the effects of online versus traditional classroom learning.
Expand Knowledge Research can allow us to extend what we know in ways we never conceived. Replicate Knowledge Research can act as a test to verify previous findings. Add Voices of Individuals to Knowledge Research can add an important perspective for different learning types.
Much of the educational research prior to the Eighties is based on able, white, middle-to-upper class males. This is certainly not reflective of our increasingly heterogeneous students, and research helps revise theory and practice to reflect different student needs.
These are only a few of the many reasons research is important, particularly to educators. In an increasingly data-driven society, it is vital that educators know how to locate, find, and interpret research on their own.
Further, educators need to be able to conduct quality research to examine issues within their own contexts. What are the Basic Types of Research? Briefly, get used to using the following words: We will review each on this site, but for now, consider these brief descriptions: How is Research Distinguished?
Where most introductory students struggle is in distinguishing primary and secondary sources. Empirical research implies that the study is original and stresses systematic observation.
Journal articles and other types of peer-reviewed sources such as academic conference papers are the main venue for empirical research. These first publications of empirical research are also referred to as primary sources. In academic settings, you are generally only to use primary sources.
Your best source for journal articles is a research database. If nothing else, you can visually tell that periodicals, such as newspapers, magazines, online weekly reports such as Education Weekor even text books, dictionaries, and encyclopedias like Wikipedia are much different.
The usual tip is that these types of publications have advertisements, where journal articles generally do not. These are all secondary sources. You might see references to research, but the actual report is in a journal article, as above.
You are generally not to use secondary sources. This chart will help.About this journal. The Review of Educational Research (RER) publishes critical, integrative reviews of research literature bearing on education, including conceptualizations, interpretations, and syntheses of literature and scholarly work in a field broadly relevant to education and educational research.
Find U.S. Department of State programs for U.S. and non-U.S. citizens wishing to participate in cultural, educational, or professional exchanges. NC WiseOwl (NC Online Windows for Learning) has been providing online subscription resources for our schools for the last decade.
The name "HighScope" and its corporate logos are registered trademarks and service marks of the HighScope Foundation. rutadeltambor.com brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind.
McREL is committed to making a difference in the quality of education and learning for all through excellence in applied research, product development, and service.