Case study on someone with autism

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Case study on someone with autism

A Case Study On Autism: This single case study revealed the supports involved in educating and socializing school-aged children with autism spectrum disorder. The case study indicated that the parents agreed on a majority of issues and clearly pointed out that their major area of concern was education.

Implications are put forth for accommodating students with autism in inclusive settings with suggestions for future research. InLeo Kanner first described a discrete set of behaviors observed in children as "autistic disturbance of affective contact" Kanner,p. He noted that the most notable features of this condition were obsessive and stereotypic behaviors accompanied by echolalia.

Autism remains Case study on someone with autism of the true mysteries of medical science and psychology. In fact, Kirk refers to it as "one of the least understood disabilities" p.

To add to the confusion, authorities disagree on whether autism is a distinct disability or a subgroup of another exceptionality Smith, This controversy over whether autism is a distinct disability may exist because individuals with autism exhibit characteristics which cross a number of disabilities e.

For the previous 16 years it was categorized as "other health impaired". Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movement, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual sensory experiences NICHCY,p.

Most recently, there has been a major move to change from the dichotomy of autistic- nonautistic to a recognition of a continuum referred to as autism spectrum disorder ASD Billstedt, The incidence of autism spectrum disorder in the United States is reported to be approximately 4.

Some researchers believe autism spectrum disorder to be much more common, approaching half a percent of the general population of children Billstedt, Occasionally, a family may have multiple children with autism spectrum disorder, however, this phenomenon is rare.

The purpose of this single case study was to investigate the school and community supports that led to the inclusion of two siblings with ASD. This case study seemed to be the most appropriate qualitative method to obtain in-depth information about this family.

Merriam noted that a "qualitative case study is an intensive, holistic description and analysis of a single instance, phenomena, or social unit" p.

Method Subjects The older child in the family is a 14 year old male attending the 8th grade with well above average intelligence and mild to moderate autistic tendencies with no other health problems. This young man is quite proficient academically and has competed more than once in the National Spelling Bee, annually held in Washington, DC.

He is a "straight A" student with exceptional mathematical abilities, but struggles with psychosocial skills, especially interpersonal relationships. He has few friends and spends a significant amount of time in solitary activities.

His parents have encouraged him to participate in sports and community organizations, but efforts in this area have proven unsuccessful.

The younger child in the family is an 11 year old female attending the 4th grade with below average intelligence who has moderate to severe autistic tendencies with no other health problems. She struggles both academically and socially. She requires a significant level of support to succeed in school, and even with these supports, remains below grade level.

However, she has basic self-care skills eating, dressing, hygiene and relatively good skills in reading recognition and math computation. This student has much more difficulty in reading comprehension, math reasoning, and both the social and functional use of language.

Case study on someone with autism

While she will respond to the social overtures of others, she does not initiate any social interaction. Like her sibling, she has few friends and spends a significant amount of time in solitary activities.

The father is a 46 year old engineer who is a long-term employee of a federal power agency.

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He has only a few friends and prefers to spend his leisure time at home. He has a somewhat introverted personality and is marginally involved in one community organization. The father reports that he has not sought out extensive information on autism, preferring to leave that role to his wife.

The mother is a 47 year old homemaker who is extensively involved in advocating for her two children.

Case study on someone with autism

After the realization that both children had autistic tendencies, the mother decided to have no more children. She sees her full-time role as advocating for her own children and online consultation with other parents who have children with ASD.

The mother stays abreast of developments in the field of autism, continually reading books on the subject and occasionally traveling to attend workshops.

Due to the fact that the family resides in a relatively small community, there is no specific advocacy group or physician specializing in autism.A Case Study On Autism: School Accommodations And Inclusive Settings.

by Coffey, Kenneth M, Obringer, S John. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a mother and father raising their two children with autism. Case Study Mitchell: A Boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Mitch was six years old when his family contacted me.

He had been diagnosed as having autism spectrum disorder two years earlier by a multi-discipline clinic at a university medical school. Speech-language pathologists play a critical role in screening, assessing, diagnosing, and treating the language and social communication disorders of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

People with ASD use a variety of communication modes including speech, facial expressions. The Washington Post Wellness section provides coverage and analysis of health, healthcare, nutrition, wellness and fitness news, trends and policy.

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the Autism, PDD and Asperger Syndrome page includes answers to frequently asked questions, informational articles about advocacy, legal resources and cases, recommended books, free publications, information and support groups.

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