Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East. The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy.
Geography and Early History of Israel and Palestine The land variously called Israel and Palestine is a small, 10, square miles at present land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.
During its long history, its area, population and ownership varied greatly. The present state of Israel occupies all the land from the Jordan river to the Mediterranean ocean, bounded by Egypt in the south, Lebanon in the north, and Jordan in the East.
The remainder is divided between land occupied by Israel since the 6-day war and the autonomous regions under the control of the Palestinian autonomy. Palestine has been settled continuously for tens of thousands of years. Fossil remains have been found of Homo Erectus, Neanderthal and transitional types between Neanderthal and modern man.
Archeologists have found hybrid Emmer wheat at Jericho dating from before 8, B. Amorites, Canaanites, and other Semitic peoples related to the Phoenicians of Tyre entered the area about B. The area became known as the Land of Canaan. Click here for historical maps and some details of early history The Jewish Kingdoms of Ancient Judah and Israel The archeological record indicates that the Jewish people evolved out of native Cana'anite peoples and invading tribes.
Some time between about and B. Canaan was settled by different tribes including Semitic peoples, Hittites, and later Philistines, peoples of the sea who are thought to have arrived from Mycenae, or to be part of the ancient Greek peoples that also settled Mycenae.
According to the Bible, Moses led the Israelites, or a portion of them, out of Egypt. Under Joshua, they conquered the tribes and city states of Canaan. Based on biblical traditions, it is estimated that king David conquered Jerusalem about B.
The kingdom was divided into Judea in the south and Israel in the north following the death of David's son, Solomon. Jerusalem remained the center of Jewish sovereignty and of Jewish worship whenever the Jews exercised sovereignty over the country in the subsequent period, up to the Jewish revolt in AD.
The Babylonians conquered Judea or Judah around B. They destroyed Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, and exiled a large number of Jews. About 50 years later, the Persian king Cyrus conquered Babylonia.
Cyrus allowed a group of Jews from Babylonia to rebuild Jerusalem and settle in it. However, a large number of Jews remained in Babylonia, forming the first Jewish Diaspora. After the reestablishment of a Jewish state or protectorate, the Babylonian exiles maintained contact with authorities there.
The Persians ruled the land from about to B. Alexander the Great then conquered the Persian Empire.
After Alexander's death in B. One of these generals, Seleucus, founded a dynasty that gained control of much of Palestine about B. At first, the new rulers, called Seleucids, allowed the practice of Judaism.The Arab–Israeli conflict is a modern phenomenon, which has its roots in the end of the 19th century.
The conflict became a major international issue with the birth of Israel in The Arab–Israeli conflict has resulted in at least five major wars and a number of minor conflicts.
Report: Hezbollah in Lebanon fears Israeli attack, declares state of emergency "Hezbollah declared its ranks in readiness for the past two days, for fear of Israeli aggression on Lebanon.".
A Brief History of Israel, Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Israeli-Palestinian Conflict) from ancient times to the current events of the peace process and Intifada. Includes the ancient Jewish Kingdoms of Israel and Judea, Palestinian History, Roman conquest, Arab conquest, Crusades, intifada, ancient Israel, ancient egypt, Ottoman conquest, Zionism, mandate period, Israel War of.
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Israel, Palestine and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Arab-Israeli Conflict) - A brief history - Part I. Genesis: Truman, American Jews, and the Origins of the Arab/Israeli Conflict [John B. Judis] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
A probing look at one of the most incendiary subjects of our time―the relationship between the United States and Israel There has been more than half a century of raging conflict between Jews and Arabs―a violent.