When we say "Roman," you say "orgy! It appears the stories of Roman sex festivals were mostly the result of nasty rumors made up after the fact. The reality is the ancient Romans actually went to insane lengths to have the exact opposite of orgies. Sure, wealthy Romans had sex in front of their servants, but to them house servants were like furniture that could bring you stuff.
Visit Website All healthy male Spartan citizens participated in the compulsory state-sponsored education system, the Agoge, which emphasized obedience, endurance, courage and self-control.
Spartan men devoted their lives to military service, and lived communally well into adulthood. They were farmers, domestic servants, nurses and military attendants.
Spartans, who were outnumbered by the Helots, often treated them brutally and oppressively in an effort to prevent uprisings. Spartans would humiliate the Helots by doing such things as forcing them to get debilitatingly drunk on wine and then make fools of themselves in public.
This practice was also intended to demonstrate to young people how an adult Spartan should never act, as self-control was a prized trait. Methods of mistreatment could be far more extreme: Spartans were allowed to kill Helots for being too smart or too fit, among other reasons.
The Spartan Military Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture.
Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge.
The boys lived communally under austere conditions. They were subjected to continual physical, competitions which could involve violencegiven meager rations and expected to become skilled at stealing food, among other survival skills. The teenage boys who demonstrated the most leadership potential were selected for participation in the Crypteia, which acted as a secret police force whose primary goal was to terrorize the general Helot population and murder those who were troublemakers.
At age 20, Spartan males became full-time soldiers, and remained on active duty until age In the phalanx, the army worked as a unit in a close, deep formation, and made coordinated mass maneuvers. No one soldier was considered superior to another.
Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword. Spartan warriors were also known for their long hair and red cloaks.
Spartan Women and Marriage Spartan women had a reputation for being independent-minded, and enjoyed more freedoms and power than their counterparts throughout ancient Greece. While they played no role in the military, female Spartans often received a formal education, although separate from boys and not at boarding schools.
In part to attract mates, females engaged in athletic competitions, including javelin-throwing and wrestling, and also sang and danced competitively.
As adults, Spartan women were allowed to own and manage property. Additionally, they were typically unencumbered by domestic responsibilities such as cooking, cleaning and making clothing, tasks which were handled by the helots. Marriage was important to Spartans, as the state put pressure on people to have male children who would grow up to become citizen-warriors, and replace those who died in battle.
Men who delayed marriage were publically shamed, while those who fathered multiple sons could be rewarded. In preparation for marriage, Spartan women had their heads shaved; they kept their hair short after they wed. Married couples typically lived apart, as men under 30 were required to continue residing in communal barracks.
In order to see their wives during this time, husbands had to sneak away at night.
Decline of the Spartans In B. In a further blow, late the following year, Thebangeneral Epaminondas c. The Spartans would continue to exist, although as a second-rate power in a long period of decline.
In ,Ottothe king of Greece, ordered thefounding of the modern-daytown of Spartion the site of ancient Sparta.At Thermopylae a king and three hundred of his soldiers set the standard for battle to the death against overwhelming odds. Ancient Greek civilization - Classical Greek civilization: Between and bc Persia was for the policy-making classes in the largest Greek states a constant preoccupation.
(It is not known, however, how far down the social scale this preoccupation extended in reality.) Persia was never less than a subject for artistic and oratorical reference, and .
Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The Origin of Philosophy: The Attributes of Mythic/ Mythopoeic Thought. The pioneering work on this subject was The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man, An Essay on Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East by Henri Frankfort, H.A. Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen, and William A. Irwin (University of Chicago Press, , . The everyday lives of people in ancient Greek city-states is documented by a very readable text, illustrations, and photographs. Especially interesting are the wide differences between the lives of the citizens of Athens and those of Sparta due to their very different social structures.
The History of Gambling in Ancient Civilizations - The History of Ancient Gambling Gambling was present in almost every major, ancient civilization. Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to exhibit slightly different climates.
Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation.
Athens and Sparta Comparison. Athens and Sparta Athens and Sparta were the two largest Greek city-states of the Ancient world.
They were the biggest of rivals, two towering cities at their peak, the most influential cultural, military, and trade powers of western civilization in the first millennium B.C/5(1).
The differences between the two city-states from Ancient Greece. All different types of differences. Athens was a very normal city with a few quirks.