He held command positions in the Egyptian air force and from to was director of the air academy.
Donate Born into a family of 13 children inAnwar al-Sadat grew up among average Egyptian villagers in the town of Mit Abul Kom 40 miles to the north of Cairo.
Having completed a grade school education, Sadat's father worked as a clerk in the local military hospital. By the time of his birth, Anwar's Egypt had become a British colony.
Crippling debt had forced the Egyptian government to sell the British government its interests in the French engineered Suez Canal linking the Mediteranian Sea with the Indian Ocean. The British and French had used these resources to establish enough political control over Egyptian affairs to refer to Egypt as a British colony.
Four figures affected Sadat's early life.
The first, a man named Zahran, came from a small village like Sadat's. In a famous incident of colonial rule, the British hanged Zahran for participating in a riot which had resulted in the death of a British officer.
Sadat admired the courage Zahran exhibit on the way to the gallows. The second, Kemel Ataturk, created the modern state of Turkey by forcing the downfall of the Ottoman Empire. Not only had Ataturk thrown off the shackles of colonialism, but he established a number of civil service reforms, which Sadat admired.
The third man was Mohandas Gandhi. Touring Egypt inGandhi had preached the power of nonviolence in combating injustice. And finally, the young Sadat admired Adolf Hitler whom the anticolonialist Sadat viewed as a potential rival to British control.
Inas part of a deal between the British and the Wafd party, the British agreed to create a military school in Egypt. Sadat was among its first students. Besides the traditional training in math and science, each student learned to analyze battles.
Sadat even studied the Battle of Gettysburg, the turning point in America's civil war. Upon graduating from the academy, the government posted Sadat to a distant outpost. There he met Gamal Abdel Nasserbeginning a long political association which eventually led to the Egyptian presidency.
At this outpost, Sadat, Nasser and the other young officers formed a revolutionary group destined to overthrow British rule. Commitment to their revolution led Sadat to jail twice. During his second stay in jail, Sadat taught himself French and English.
But the grueling loneliness of jail took its toll. After leaving prison, Sadat returned to civilian life. He acted for a bit, and he joined in several business deals. Through one of his deals, Sadat met Jihan whom he would eventually marry. Sadat recontacted his old associate Nasser to find that their revolutionary movement had grown considerably while he was in prison.
On July 23,the Free Officers Organization staged a coup overthrowing the monarchy. From the moment of the coup, Sadat began as Nasser's public relations minister and trusted lieutenant.
Nasser assigned Sadat the task of overseeing the official abdication of King Farouk. Working with Nasser Sadat learned the dangerous game of nation-building in a world of superpower rivalries.
Egypt eventually became the leading "non-aligned" country in the world, giving a voice, through Nasser, to the desires of the undeveloped and post-colonial societies.
Their most important trial came over the Suez Canal, which Nasser nationalized in In a coordinated effort, the British, French, and the new nation of Israel launched an attack on Egypt hoping to reestablish colonial control over the Canal and its profits.rutadeltambor.com: anwar sadat biography.
Anwar Sadat: The Life and Legacy of the Egyptian President Aug 16, by Charles River Editors. Kindle Edition. Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar Sadat: The Presidents Who Shaped Modern Egypt Sep 7, by Charles River Editors.
Kindle Edition. Hosni Mubarak became president of Egypt in —following Anwar el-Sadat's assassination—and served in that position until , when popular unrest forced him to resign. Hosni Mubarak was. The last satin-and-silk harem belonged to Khedive (Viceroy) Ismail Pasha who ruled Egypt from to Heretofore, the Walda Pasha (ruler's mother) was the most powerful woman in the realm often acting as political mentor for her potentate-son.
Starting with Ismail's first-born son, Mohammed Tewfik Pasha, monogamy became the rule rather than the exception for Egypt's heads of state. James E.
(Jimmy) Carter, Jr., 39th President of the United States. (Courtesy Jimmy Carter Library) In , Governor Carter became the Democratic National Committee campaign chairman for the congressional elections.
Early life and revolutionary activities. Anwar Sadat was born on 25 December in Mit Abu El Kom, Monufia, Egypt to a poor Nubian family, one of 13 brothers and sisters. One of his brothers, Atef Sadat, later became a pilot and was killed in action during the October War of His father, Anwar Mohammed El Sadat was an Upper Egyptian, and his mother, Sit Al-Berain, was Sudanese from her.
Anwar Sadat, in full Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat, Sadat also spelled Sādāt, el-Sadat also spelled al-Sadat, (born December 25, , Mīt Abū al Kawm, Al-Minūfiyyah governorate, Egypt—died October 6, , Cairo), Egyptian army officer and politician who was president of Egypt from until his assassination in He initiated serious peace negotiations with Israel, an achievement for.